Overview latex allergy is a reaction to certain proteins found in natural rubber latex, a product made from the rubber tree if you have a latex allergy, your body mistakes latex for a harmful substance latex allergy may cause itchy skin and hives or even anaphylaxis, a potentially life-threatening condition. Manufacturing workers occupational asthma that is caused by latex allergy has been reported in workers who manufacture latex gloves in a canadian study, the prevalence of positive skin tests to latex were noted in seven of 64 workers (11%) , and latex- induced occupational asthma was documented by spirometry and. Workers who showed a positive skin prick test to latex were more likely to be atopic work related respiratory and dermatological symptoms were found in about 20% of each population studied, but were not related to the presence of positive latex prick tests conclusions this study suggests that in the thai latex. Natural rubber latex allergy can cause skin and respiratory symptoms the aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence and incidence of latex related in studies of hospital personnel, latex sensitivity was found to be three to five times higher among nurses and doctors than among personnel not involved in patient care. One of the most common circumstances surrounding development of latex allergy symptoms is in health care workers (hcw) although children are rarely employed in the data from the study suggests this is unlikely since the sensitivity of a use test alone is lower than the skin test use tests present some interpretation. Ensure that nrl gloves are only used where risk assessment indicates that there is no suitable alternative ensure that only powder free gloves that have low levels of extractable protein, are purchased ensure that staff are aware of the risk of latex allergy and the need to report any adverse reaction inform the occupational.
Allergy is defined by sensitization and clinical symptoms prevalence rates of latex allergy or sensitization have varied from population to population the highest rates are found in patients with spina bifida and other congenital urogenital anomalies (24%–60%), moderate rates are found in health care workers and. In the past 10 years, ige-mediated allergy to natural rubber latex has become a significant health problem in industrialized countries, especially among health care workers, patients with congenital malformations, and children with a history of multiple surgical interventions curative treatment inducing immunological. Preventing allergic reactions to natural rubber latex in the workplace warning workers exposed to latex gloves and other products containing natural rubber latex may develop allergic reactions such as skin rashes hives nasal, eye, or sinus symptoms asthma and (rarely) shock workers with ongoing exposure to. Key words: latex allergy, health care workers, ige, skin test, expo- nrl-free gloves,3 but others have found this to be a prob- allergy in hcws in this analysis we examined the effect of nlr exposure on the different symptoms induced by nlr (systemic, skin, nasal, and/or bronchial), on nlr ige levels and on.
(j allergy clin immunol 2002110:s27-32) key words: latex allergy, natural rubber, surgical gloves there are many ways to examine the history of latex a second report in 1987 identified weeping figs as a source of indoor aller- gen in sweden 13 of 395 office workers with allergic- type symptoms demonstrated ige. Safety and health information bulletins | potential for sensitization and possible allergic reaction to natural rubber latex gloves and other natural rubber a later analysis of prevalence studies found 69% to 78% of health care employees and 21% to 27% of the general population reactive to skin prick testing.
Is associated with a range of reactions to the substance including skin rashes ( allergic contact dermatitis) note: this method has been used widely in the us and studies have shown it to be as effective as removing the 6102 where employees present with symptoms which could be indicative of latex allergy further. What are the symptoms of latex allergy if you have a latex allergic reaction, you may have one or more of the following signs and symptoms: skin rash hives eye tearing and irritation nasal symptoms such as sneezing, drainage (runny nose), or congestion wheezing, chest constriction (tightness), cough, or shortness of. Is used in medical gloves but is also found in many other medical symptoms of the immediate type of latex allergy range from rash, itchy or runny eyes or nose scaling, drying, cracking of skin irritation by gloves, powder, soaps/detergent, incomplete hand drying most common reaction to glove usage allergic contact.
Doctors and nurses were shown to be latex allergic lagier et al2 surveyed 268 operating room nurses in public hospitals in marseilles, france symptoms associated with glove wearing were reported in 41 per cent of nurses, while 107 per cent had a positive skin test to a natural latex solution in another study, bubak et. But symptoms can also show up a few hours later symptoms of a mild reaction are skin redness, hives, or itching symptoms of more serious reactions might include promptly arrange a medical evaluation for workers with symptoms of latex allergy provide these employees with non-latex gloves employees should. Latex allergy was established by means of skin-prick test, specific ige, patch-test, and latex-glove-wearing test this survey documented a high prevalence of symptoms related to the use of latex (47%) among the hospital staff demonstrable sensitization to latex was considerably lower (12%), though strongly associated to. Latex allergy or hypersensitivity occurs when the body's immune system reacts to proteins found in natural rubber latex during processing may be responsible for some local skin reactions, but these additives have not been proven to cause the more generalized, potentially fatal allergic reactions associated with latex.
Other nrl products cause contact urticaria, rhinitis and asthma in nrl-allergic health care workers (hcw) and may sensitize cutaneous nrl exposure induces th2-type skin and lung inflammation and strong humoral international prevalence study showed that in finland as many as one in every five adolescents. While studies repeatedly uncover high prevalence rates, the nonspecific nature of symptoms and lack of knowledge about latex allergy result in latex have a history of some type of atopic illness11 it has been shown that among atopic health care workers, one in four have a positive skin prick test to latex.
There is lack of data on the prevalence of latex allergy in the health care setting in iran this study was performed to determine the prevalence of type i latex allergy and type iv allergy to latex and rubber additives among the operating room staff with glove-related symptoms in 13 general hospitals in tehran skin- prick tests. Those allergic to latex react to a milky fluid found in latex that is produced by rubber trees as with other allergies, the immune system perceives the allergen ( ie the milky fluid found in latex) as harmful many latex allergies are mild and may simply cause some slight irritation to the skin, termed irritant. Two studies have shown a dramatic decrease in the prevalence of latex allergy after switching to low-allergen, powder-free latex gloves [5, 6] a study of 7 german university hospitals noted that, since 1998, there has been a steady decrease in the prevalence of skin latex allergy, from 68 to 21 cases per 100,000 health care.
Monitoring latex allergy for a number of years but has not found any conclusive evidence of any total no of staff targeted for study no of questionnaires returned no of staff experiencing symptoms of allergy royal infirmary lancaster, uk 1,899 1,313 302 employees tested positive for latex sensitivity on skin. Research has identified a protein substance in natural latex as a major source of the allergy the protein can be absorbed through the skin or the powder containing the protein can be inhaled however, chemicals such as zinc diethyldithiocarbamate (which is added to the latex) and starch powder (found in new gloves). The protein responsible for latex allergies has been shown to fasten to powder that is used on some latex gloves this reaction is common among healthcare workers that wear gloves with irritation of the hands that may be related to sweating under the gloves, frequent hand washing, drying with rough paper towels, use of. Some workers may have a type i latex allergy, which is caused by allergenic proteins that are added to the latex by the rubber trees that make natural rubber latex type i allergies can have systemic effects such as coughing, sneezing and rashes on the face, as well as local effects on the skin under the.